author: addtime: 2019-07-02
Since the 21st century, with the prosperous scientific and technological development such as Internet, AI, Internet of Things, big data, cloud computing, robotics, VR and industrial Internet, the brain-like structure of the Internet has become clearer and a preliminary definition of the city brain (cloud brain) has been put forward, combining the Internet brain-like structure with the construction of smart cities. At the same time, the conceptual integration of smart city and city brain generates new terms and frameworks, including urban brain, urban cloud brain, urban neural network, smart city brain, traffic brain, etc.
Planning without considering objective law causes imperfection in urban management.
City brain provides strong decision support for urban planning by tapping natural information, for instance urban geography and meteorological information, as well as human and social information, including economic, social, cultural and demographic information, to strengthen scientific and forward-looking urban management services.
The emergence of city brain will be helpful for in-depth analysis of current urban problems, understanding of urban changes, accurate judgment of urban development, analysis of the dynamic mechanism of urban development, and further exploration of the objective law of urbanization development through dynamic monitoring and evaluation of urbanization. In the main trend of urban development, the comprehensive problems of regional coordination, ecology, community and transportation are analyzed, and the spatial layout and facilities allocation of cities are considered.
Trivial affairs make it difficult to refine the urban supervision and management.
City brain connects the data resources scattered in every corner of the city, opens up the urban neural network and allows data to think, make decisions, operate for the city and realize the urban management and social governance.
It provides a unique solution to realize fine management and solve difficult problems in urban management. It transfers data into a scientific and reasonable business model, and forms a large mapping of the basic operation and the real-time "healthy" state of the city, and a full-time, regional, automated and multi-channel event early warning network and cooperative governance system, which can provide decision-making basis for comprehensive urban governance and make urban management more effective.
People run for many visits and explain too much when handling matters.
The construction of city brain provides new ideas for innovating government service management system and vigorously promoting "Internet plus government services".
City brain is not simply to move the office platform to the Internet, instead it tends to further optimize the government services by combining Internet thinking and sharing concept that more matters can be handled without the need to be physically present. By avoiding duplicate submission of service materials, it will achieve the goal of handling matters at nearby site, in same city, from different places, and multi-channel "network" operation, forming a convenient, fast, fair, universal benefit, quality and efficient government service information system. It transfers passive service to active service, and single service to comprehensive service in a real sense.
The collection, real-time processing and intelligent computing of urban massive multi-source data can be realized on the open Internet platform through integrating with the top capabilities of machine vision, large-scale topological network computing, cognitive inversion, traffic flow analysis and other interdisciplinary fields. It will also extend to following seven major fields, including medical treatment, urban management, environment, tourism, urban planning, peace and security, and people's livelihood, and upgrade from intelligent transportation management to the artificial intelligence center of the whole city, and open the AI capability of the platform to the ecological environment in an all-round way.
It focuses on the intelligent applications in the three major areas of government, transportation and urban management, to which people pay the most attention, namely "government brain", "traffic brain" and "urban management brain". The big data intelligence enables more efficient government, smoother urban traffic and clearer urban space.
Xining city, as the most populous and economic center of Qinghai province, is an important hub linking the "Belt and Road" countries and the Yangtze River economic belt. In recent years, Xining Municipal People’s Government has attached great importance to the construction of smart cities, focusing on the overall construction framework of livelihood projects, such as "smart city and happy Xining" and "three plus X" model (i.e. unified network, unified platform, unified database, plus some cloud applications) to conscientiously implement government decisions and make every effort to promote the work of smart cities.
Focusing on the "three plus X" model of smart city construction, Xining will build a unified large database platform for the whole city, integrate the data resources of various departments, bureaus and organizational units, break the information isolated island and promote connectivity; meanwhile, Digital Dream Workshop will boost the building of a large data application support platform, and constructing a unified and sustainable demographic and macroeconomic database in accordance with relevant national policies and standards; the further in-depth exploration of data value will be conducive to the demonstration and applications of typical large data, such as the smart data analysis system for people's livelihood, regional economic data analysis and decision-making system, so that data benefits the people and provides intelligent support for government decision-making.