author: addtime: 2019-07-02
At present, the United States, the United Kingdom, Japan and the European Union countries have proposed to introduce cloud computing technology and services in e-government, and enhance the application efficiency of e-government by taking advantages of the low cost, high reliability and flexibility of cloud computing. The Chinese government has also actively followed up. It is stated clearly in the Twelfth Five-Year Plan Outline of National Economic and Social Development that we will vigorously promote the national e-government construction, strengthen the construction of cloud computing service platforms and build the next generation of information infrastructure. The Twelfth Five-Year Plan of National E-Government clearly requires that we should build and improve the public platform of E-Government, and comprehensively improve the technical service capability of E-Government. In 2012, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology released the "Guide on Top Design of Public Platform of E-Government Based on Cloud Computing" to officially promote the work related to government cloud. The State Council's Opinions on Promoting Innovative Development of Cloud Computing and Fostering New Forms of Information Industry in 2015 also points out that a hundred cloud computing and big data application demonstration projects should be carried out by making full use of public cloud computing service resources.
Under such circumstances, the concept and mode of government cloud is put forward and has been deeply applied and developed. At present, government cloud has been accepted and widely applied by the government, which has become the support of the intensive development of e-government.
Development Trend of Government Cloud Market
In recent years, China has issued a number of policy documents, such as "Guiding Opinions of the General Office of the State Council on the Government's Purchasing Services from Social Forces" (No. 113 document of 2013), and "Opinions of the State Council on Promoting Innovative Development of Cloud Computing and Fostering New Forms of Information Industry" (No. 5 document of 2015), providing policy support for encouraging the application of cloud computing technology to integrate and transform the existing e-government information system, realizing the overall deployment and joint construction and sharing of government information systems in various fields, and encouraging government to purchase services from the society to reduce financial expenditure. At present, China’s government cloud market shows the following trends:
Cross-regional, cross-industrial and cross-sectoral data integration
The unified government cloud of cross-regional, cross-industrial and cross-sectoral data integration will be gradually realized.
Purchasing service will be the development trend of government cloud.
Under the guidance of the national policy, governments at all levels will definitely realize the service outsourcing and light assets operation.
Platform integration and upgrading.
Since its inception, the government cloud has been upgraded to IaaS plus PaaS platform from a single IaaS platform. In the future, it will form a full integration system from IaaS to PaaS and SaaS.
Security and standard will become hot issues in the market.
Security and standard will be the focus of the whole market and will directly determine the development prospects and orientation of government cloud.
The complementary cooperation among competitors will become normal.
In the future, there might be a dynamic and loose alliance of manufacturers to jointly promote the development of China's government cloud market.
Government cloud service model
It targets at units in a certain industry and provides standardized cloud service products by means of service directory for users, who can use it on demand and are charged according to quantity.
It targets at a single user with a certain scale and provides customized cloud services for users with resource isolation or even physical isolation of unique resources.
It connects database with Inspur cloud, from which users can get arbitrarily combination of Inspur sharing cloud, dedicated cloud, private cloud and public cloud to realize cloud and local collaborative services.
It targets at large-scale users and provides them with highly customized cloud services, which is constructed at the users’ data center and the operation and maintenance services are offered by Inspur.
It consists of six aspects: flexible service, storage service, security and disaster recovery, IDC, dedicated cloud and management service.
Government cloud is composed of following four parts: cloud platform, cloud data, cloud application and cloud ecology, among which the cloud platform lays the foundation, data is the core, application is the purpose and ecology guarantees the other three parts. Meanwhile, the Inspur government cloud has unique advantages in security, credibility, industrial practice and services.
Avoiding repeated construction and saving financial expenditure
Government cloud platform can make full use of fundamental existing resources, effectively promote the integration of various resources, and provide resources, security, operation, maintenance and management services for government departments. It can improve the utilization rate of infrastructure, reduce human resources and financial costs on operation and maintenance, and avoid repeated construction and save investment costs.
Promoting information sharing and realizing business synergy
The government cloud platform sets up an "information bridge" between government departments, and between government departments and social service organizations. The information integration, exchange, sharing and government work collaboration among different application systems can be achieved through the internal information-driven engine of the platform, which will greatly improve the overall work efficiency of government departments at all levels.
Constructing information barrier to guarantee data security
The top design of the government cloud platform has included a series of measures of technology, architecture, products, operation and maintenance, management and system to guarantee the application and data security on the platform. In addition, it ensures rapid and complete recovery applications in case of disasters through establishing a unified backup for disaster recovery.
Optimizing resource allocation and promoting service capability
Through the government cloud platform, the traditional government departments are oriented to network business, which could break previous restriction among them in levels and organizations, promote the integration of government functions, enable the government procedure and process easier and more facilitated, and make the best use and allocation of human and information resources. Moreover, the construction of e-government projects by adopting the intensive mode of government cloud platform will free government departments from the traditional hardware procurement, system integration, operation and maintenance work, and shift their efforts to professional work and service for the people, which will greatly improve the ability and level of serving the people, and promote the government management innovation and build service-oriented governments.